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Entire Online Archive: "natural and history": 2000 results 

A total of 42153 files matched your search. The oldest files are not included in the result set.

Italy: Claudius Caesar (10 BCE-54 CE), 4th Roman emperor, from the book Romanorvm imperatorvm effigies: elogijs ex diuersis scriptoribus per Thomam Treteru S. Mariae Transtyberim canonicum collectis, 1583 - Claudius (10 BCE-54 CE) was the first Roman emperor to be born outside of Italy, and he was ostracised and exempted from public office for much of his life due to slight deafness and being afflicted with a limp. It was his infirmity that would save him from the noble purges that occurred during the reigns of Tiberius and Caligula, as he was not seen as a serious threat.  Due to being the last surviving man of the Julio-Claudian family, Claudius was declared emperor by the Praetorian Guard after their assassination of Caligula. Despite his only previous experience being sharing a consulship with his nephew Caligula in 37 CE, he proved to be a capable administrator, as well as an ambitious builder across the Empire. The conquest of Britain began under his reign, and his seeming vulnerability meant that Claudius often had to shore up his position, usually through the deaths of rival senators and nobles.  Claudius died in 54 CE, either from natural causes or more probably poisoned by his wife, Agrippina the Younger. He was succeeded after his death by his adopted son, Nero, Agrippina's child.  ©Pictures From History/ The Image Works
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Italy: Claudius Caesar (10 BCE-54 CE), 4th Roman emperor, from the book Romanorvm imperatorvm effigies: elogijs ex diuersis scriptoribus per Thomam Treteru S. Mariae Transtyberim canonicum collectis, 1583 - Claudius (10 BCE-54 CE) was the first Roman emperor to be born outside of Italy, and he was ostracised and exempted from public office for much of his life due to slight deafness and being afflicted with a limp. It was his infirmity that would save him from the noble purges that occurred during the reigns of Tiberius and Caligula, as he was not seen as a serious threat.

Due to being the last surviving man of the Julio-Claudian family, Claudius was declared emperor by the Praetorian Guard after their assassination of Caligula. Despite his only previous experience being sharing a consulship with his nephew Caligula in 37 CE, he proved to be a capable administrator, as well as an ambitious builder across the Empire. The conquest of Britain began under his reign, and his seeming vulnerability meant that Claudius often had to shore up his position, usually through the deaths of rival senators and nobles.

Claudius died in 54 CE, either from natural causes or more probably poisoned by his wife, Agrippina the Younger. He was succeeded after his death by his adopted son, Nero, Agrippina's child. ©Pictures From History/ The Image Works
Italy: Icon of Titus (39-81 CE), 10th Roman emperor, from the book Icones imperatorvm romanorvm (Icons of Roman Emperors), Antwerp, c. 1645 - Natural son and heir of Emperor Vespasian, Titus (39-81 CE) was a member of the Flavian dynasty, the first Roman emperor to succeed his own biological father. Titus, like his father, had earned much renown as a military commander, especially during the First Jewish-Roman war.  When his father left to claim the imperial throne after Nero's death, Titus was left behind to end the Jewish rebellion, which occurred in 70 CE with the siege and sacking of Jerusalem. The Arch of Titus was built in honour of his destruction of the city. He was also known for his controversial relationship with the Jewish queen Berenice.  Under his father, her served as prefect of the Praetorian Guard, and he was known as a good emperor after his accession. As emperor, he is most endearingly known for his completion of the Colosseum, started by his father, and his efforts in relieving the destruction caused by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE and a fire in Rome in 80 CE. Titus only served for two years before dying of a fever in 81 CE, and was deified by the Roman Senate before being succeeded by his younger brother, Domitian.  ©Pictures From History/ The Image Works
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Italy: Icon of Titus (39-81 CE), 10th Roman emperor, from the book Icones imperatorvm romanorvm (Icons of Roman Emperors), Antwerp, c. 1645 - Natural son and heir of Emperor Vespasian, Titus (39-81 CE) was a member of the Flavian dynasty, the first Roman emperor to succeed his own biological father. Titus, like his father, had earned much renown as a military commander, especially during the First Jewish-Roman war.

When his father left to claim the imperial throne after Nero's death, Titus was left behind to end the Jewish rebellion, which occurred in 70 CE with the siege and sacking of Jerusalem. The Arch of Titus was built in honour of his destruction of the city. He was also known for his controversial relationship with the Jewish queen Berenice.

Under his father, her served as prefect of the Praetorian Guard, and he was known as a good emperor after his accession. As emperor, he is most endearingly known for his completion of the Colosseum, started by his father, and his efforts in relieving the destruction caused by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE and a fire in Rome in 80 CE. Titus only served for two years before dying of a fever in 81 CE, and was deified by the Roman Senate before being succeeded by his younger brother, Domitian. ©Pictures From History/ The Image Works
Sudan / Germany: Anonymous photograph of German animal merchant Carl Hagenbeck's (1844-1913) 'Sudanese troupe', displayed in a Nubian human zoo exhibit that toured Berlin, London and Paris, c. late 1870s - Human zoos, also called ethnological expositions, were 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century public exhibitions of humans, usually in a so-called natural or primitive state.  The displays often emphasized the cultural differences between Europeans of Western civilization and non-European peoples or with other Europeans who practiced a lifestyle deemed more primitive. Some of them placed indigenous populations in a continuum somewhere between the great apes and Europeans.  Ethnological expositions are sometimes criticized and ascertained as highly degrading and racist, depending on the show and individuals involved.  ©Pictures From History/ The Image Works
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Sudan / Germany: Anonymous photograph of German animal merchant Carl Hagenbeck's (1844-1913) 'Sudanese troupe', displayed in a Nubian human zoo exhibit that toured Berlin, London and Paris, c. late 1870s - Human zoos, also called ethnological expositions, were 19th-, 20th-, and 21st-century public exhibitions of humans, usually in a so-called natural or primitive state.

The displays often emphasized the cultural differences between Europeans of Western civilization and non-European peoples or with other Europeans who practiced a lifestyle deemed more primitive. Some of them placed indigenous populations in a continuum somewhere between the great apes and Europeans.

Ethnological expositions are sometimes criticized and ascertained as highly degrading and racist, depending on the show and individuals involved. ©Pictures From History/ The Image Works
Illustration of the 'Trombes' sailing vessel in hurricane conditions, from 'Les Meteores'. Dated 1869  ©World History Archive / TopFoto / The Image Works
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Illustration of the 'Trombes' sailing vessel in hurricane conditions, from 'Les Meteores'. Dated 1869 ©World History Archive / TopFoto / The Image Works
Illustration of the 'Ouragan' sailing vessel in hurricane conditions, from 'Les Meteores'. Dated 1869 ©World History Archive / TopFoto / The Image Works
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Illustration of the 'Ouragan' sailing vessel in hurricane conditions, from 'Les Meteores'. Dated 1869 ©World History Archive / TopFoto / The Image Works
Las Medulas Cultural Park  (UNESCO World Heritage Site) El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006  ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
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Las Medulas Cultural Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006 ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
Las Medulas Cultural Park  (UNESCO World Heritage Site) El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006  ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
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Las Medulas Cultural Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006 ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
Las Medulas Cultural Park  (UNESCO World Heritage Site) El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006  ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
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Las Medulas Cultural Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006 ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
Las Medulas Cultural Park  (UNESCO World Heritage Site) El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006  ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
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Las Medulas Cultural Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006 ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
Las Medulas Cultural Park  (UNESCO World Heritage Site) El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006  ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
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Las Medulas Cultural Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006 ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
Las Medulas Cultural Park  (UNESCO World Heritage Site) El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006  ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
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Las Medulas Cultural Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
El Bierzo region. Leon. Castile and Leon. Spain, Europe 2006 ©Mikel Bilbao /V&W/ The Image Works
Temple II or Temple of the Mask was built around AD 700 and stands 38 meters or 125 feet high.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
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Temple II or Temple of the Mask was built around AD 700 and stands 38 meters or 125 feet high. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734.  The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  A stela and an altar are in the foreground, with the Central Acropolis in the background.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
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Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734. The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters or154 feet high. A stela and an altar are in the foreground, with the Central Acropolis in the background. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734.  The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544952.jpg
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734. The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters or154 feet high. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar (right),  rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  A small ball court is in the foreground, with Temple II on the left.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
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Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar (right), rises 47 meters or154 feet high. A small ball court is in the foreground, with Temple II on the left. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734.  The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  The North Acropolis is in the foreground, with the Central Acropolis and roofcomb of Temple V  in the background.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544954.jpg
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734. The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters or154 feet high. The North Acropolis is in the foreground, with the Central Acropolis and roofcomb of Temple V in the background. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
The Central Acropolis is a palace complex on the south side of the Great Plaza.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
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The Central Acropolis is a palace complex on the south side of the Great Plaza. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
The North Acropolis is a series of smaller temples built beginning about 350 B.C. and which continued to be built upon and renovated until after 900 A.D. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544951.jpg
The North Acropolis is a series of smaller temples built beginning about 350 B.C. and which continued to be built upon and renovated until after 900 A.D. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734.  The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  The North Acropolis is on the left, with the Great Plaza in front.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544944.jpg
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734. The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters or154 feet high. The North Acropolis is on the left, with the Great Plaza in front. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
The North Acropolis is a series of smaller temples built beginning about 350 B.C. and which continued to be built upon and renovated until after 900 A.D. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544945.jpg
The North Acropolis is a series of smaller temples built beginning about 350 B.C. and which continued to be built upon and renovated until after 900 A.D. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734.  The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  The North Acropolis is in the foreground, with the Central Acropolis and roofcomb of Temple V  in the background.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544946.jpg
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734. The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters or154 feet high. The North Acropolis is in the foreground, with the Central Acropolis and roofcomb of Temple V in the background. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734.  The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters  or154 feet high.  View between Temple II on the right and the North Acropolis on the left.  Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
EVAW0544947.jpg
Temple I, or Temple of the Great Jaguar, is a funerary pyramid dedicated to Jasaw Chan K'awil, who was entombed in the structure in AD 734. The pyramid was completed around 740–750 and rises 47 meters or154 feet high. View between Temple II on the right and the North Acropolis on the left. Tikal National Park, Guatemala, is an archeological site of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization and since 1979, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 2014 ©Jon G. Fuller /V&W/The Image Works
Temple V, a ruin in the archeological site of the ancient Mayan culture in Tikal National Park, Guatemala.  UNESCO World Heritage site. 2015 © Jon G. Fuller/ V&W /The Image Works
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Temple V, a ruin in the archeological site of the ancient Mayan culture in Tikal National Park, Guatemala. UNESCO World Heritage site. 2015 © Jon G. Fuller/ V&W /The Image Works
Ruins of a palace in Group G of the archeological site of the pre-Columbian Mayan culture in Tikal National Park, Guatemala.  UNESCO World Heritage site. 2015 © Jon G. Fuller/ V&W /The Image Works
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Ruins of a palace in Group G of the archeological site of the pre-Columbian Mayan culture in Tikal National Park, Guatemala. UNESCO World Heritage site. 2015 © Jon G. Fuller/ V&W /The Image Works
Mary Anning (1799-1847). Pioneer fossil collector of Lyme Regis, Dorset. Oil painting by an unknown artist, before 1842. Golden Cap is visible in the background. Held at the Natural History Museum, London.   © The Natural History Museum / The Image Works       NOTE: The copyright notice must include "The Image Works" DO NOT SHORTEN THE NAME OF THE COMPANY
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Mary Anning (1799-1847). Pioneer fossil collector of Lyme Regis, Dorset. Oil painting by an unknown artist, before 1842. Golden Cap is visible in the background. Held at the Natural History Museum, London. © The Natural History Museum / The Image Works NOTE: The copyright notice must include "The Image Works" DO NOT SHORTEN THE NAME OF THE COMPANY

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