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"Fine Art"

Strawberry Girl - This painting, titled "The Strawberry Girl," was exhibited at London's Royal Academy in 1773. It is by the English artist Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792). Owing to his unfortunate habit of experimenting with pigments to discover the secrets of the Old Masters, whose canvases he would sometimes cut up for the purpose, his paintings lack permanence. Reynolds was perhaps the most popular portrait painter who ever lived. The world of fashion flocked to his studio. Amazing he had time for doing pictures such as this one, which Reynolds described as "one of the half-dozen original things which no man ever exceeded in his life work."     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Strawberry Girl - This painting, titled "The Strawberry Girl," was exhibited at London's Royal Academy in 1773. It is by the English artist Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792). Owing to his unfortunate habit of experimenting with pigments to discover the secrets of the Old Masters, whose canvases he would sometimes cut up for the purpose, his paintings lack permanence. Reynolds was perhaps the most popular portrait painter who ever lived. The world of fashion flocked to his studio. Amazing he had time for doing pictures such as this one, which Reynolds described as "one of the half-dozen original things which no man ever exceeded in his life work." © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Naiad - This painting, titled Naiad, was done by the French painter Jean Jacques Henner (1829-1905). His chief distinction as an artist is the revival of the forgotten art of painting soft, velvety flesh which he inspire. He did so by choosing the twilight hour, when the landscape itself loses its color, while the luminous flesh retains the light and palpitates with its glow. His "Naiad" shows his manner of doing this, and illustrates his method of painting flesh and of throwing light upon it, by which he attained an important place in the world of art.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Naiad - This painting, titled Naiad, was done by the French painter Jean Jacques Henner (1829-1905). His chief distinction as an artist is the revival of the forgotten art of painting soft, velvety flesh which he inspire. He did so by choosing the twilight hour, when the landscape itself loses its color, while the luminous flesh retains the light and palpitates with its glow. His "Naiad" shows his manner of doing this, and illustrates his method of painting flesh and of throwing light upon it, by which he attained an important place in the world of art. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Life's Illusion - This 1849 painting, titled Life's Illusions, was done by the English Victorian artist and sculptor G.F. Watts (1817-1904). The outstanding passion of Watt's life was the creation of symbolical pictures each of which should convey its message to the world. Life's Illusions is the first of his great series of symbolical paintings. We see a knight in armor pursuing the brilliant bubble of glory that will dissolve into thin air as soon as he grasps it. Two lovers are on his right, while at his other side, an aged student is absorbed in contemplation of his manuscript. Near by, a child is chasing a butterfly, and all around are broken symbols of mortal greatness. Above these hover seven female forms typifying varying hopes and ambitions.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Life's Illusion - This 1849 painting, titled Life's Illusions, was done by the English Victorian artist and sculptor G.F. Watts (1817-1904). The outstanding passion of Watt's life was the creation of symbolical pictures each of which should convey its message to the world. Life's Illusions is the first of his great series of symbolical paintings. We see a knight in armor pursuing the brilliant bubble of glory that will dissolve into thin air as soon as he grasps it. Two lovers are on his right, while at his other side, an aged student is absorbed in contemplation of his manuscript. Near by, a child is chasing a butterfly, and all around are broken symbols of mortal greatness. Above these hover seven female forms typifying varying hopes and ambitions. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Spanish Lady - This painting, titled "Portrait of a Spanish Lady," was done by Spanish artist Diego Velasquez (1599-1660). Velasquez was hin his early 20s when King Philip IV of Spain appointed him Court Painter. Velasquez loved the sober tints of grey and silver, and sometimes used reds and pinks. He was essentially a realist, painting from models and not from the imagination. This portrait is noteworthy as it shows a lady of a type other than that representative of Court Circles. The same model appears in "The Lady in the Mantilla."     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Spanish Lady - This painting, titled "Portrait of a Spanish Lady," was done by Spanish artist Diego Velasquez (1599-1660). Velasquez was hin his early 20s when King Philip IV of Spain appointed him Court Painter. Velasquez loved the sober tints of grey and silver, and sometimes used reds and pinks. He was essentially a realist, painting from models and not from the imagination. This portrait is noteworthy as it shows a lady of a type other than that representative of Court Circles. The same model appears in "The Lady in the Mantilla." © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Angelus - This painting, titled "The Angelus," was done by the French artist Jean Francois Millet (1814-1875). Millet was one of the famous group of French painters who founded what is now known as the Barbizon School. Millet's work is distinguished by an absolute truthfulness to Nature that was the guiding principle of his life. He saw the peasant bent at his work in his fields, and he pictured him in all his gaunt poverty and weariness, while he invested him, by his inspired vision, with the symbolical dignity of labor. The Angelus depicts the laborers' thnaks for the gift of plenty, and it expresses in full measure the simplicity and devoutness of his nature. His wish was to make the spectator realize the vesper hour, when the soft chimes call the toiler to thankful rest.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Angelus - This painting, titled "The Angelus," was done by the French artist Jean Francois Millet (1814-1875). Millet was one of the famous group of French painters who founded what is now known as the Barbizon School. Millet's work is distinguished by an absolute truthfulness to Nature that was the guiding principle of his life. He saw the peasant bent at his work in his fields, and he pictured him in all his gaunt poverty and weariness, while he invested him, by his inspired vision, with the symbolical dignity of labor. The Angelus depicts the laborers' thnaks for the gift of plenty, and it expresses in full measure the simplicity and devoutness of his nature. His wish was to make the spectator realize the vesper hour, when the soft chimes call the toiler to thankful rest. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Henri Matisse, 1869–1954.  “La Danse” ( The Dance ), 1910. Oil on canvas, 260 × 391cm. St Petersburg, State Hermitage.   ©akg-images / The Image Works © Henri Matisse / DACS; This artwork is not in the public domain. It is your responsibility to obtain all necessary third party permissions from the copyright handler in your country prior to publication.
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Henri Matisse, 1869–1954. “La Danse” ( The Dance ), 1910. Oil on canvas, 260 × 391cm. St Petersburg, State Hermitage. ©akg-images / The Image Works
© Henri Matisse / DACS; This artwork is not in the public domain. It is your responsibility to obtain all necessary third party permissions from the copyright handler in your country prior to publication.
Vase of Flowers, painting by Jan van Huysum, in the Galleria Palatina of the Palazzo Pitti, Florence. ca 1890.   ©Alinari Archives / The Image Works
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Vase of Flowers, painting by Jan van Huysum, in the Galleria Palatina of the Palazzo Pitti, Florence. ca 1890. ©Alinari Archives / The Image Works
Listed - This painting, titled "Listed,"  was done by the English artist William H. Gore. "Listed" was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1885, and was painted in the low-lying meadows of the Kennet Valley, just below Newbury, the artist's place. The subject tells its own story - as when it was first shown, as was the custom, the man is given ribbons to wear on his cap at the time of enlistment. The man, brave in his trappings of glory, is parting from the woman, whose thought most likely is of the danger of his calling.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Listed - This painting, titled "Listed," was done by the English artist William H. Gore. "Listed" was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1885, and was painted in the low-lying meadows of the Kennet Valley, just below Newbury, the artist's place. The subject tells its own story - as when it was first shown, as was the custom, the man is given ribbons to wear on his cap at the time of enlistment. The man, brave in his trappings of glory, is parting from the woman, whose thought most likely is of the danger of his calling. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Man with Gloves - The artist Franz Hals (1580-1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter. This piece by him is titled "Man with a Glove in His Hand." Hals was the founder of the Dutch school of genre painting. His masterly delineations of expression and character make his works among the most popular in the world. This painting was one of Hals' favorite small canvases, showing a half-length figure. The man has a strong rugged face beneath a large black hat, set against a sombre background. He wears a black coat, relieved by a white collar. In his left hand,  he holds a glove, while his right rests upon his hip.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Man with Gloves - The artist Franz Hals (1580-1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter. This piece by him is titled "Man with a Glove in His Hand." Hals was the founder of the Dutch school of genre painting. His masterly delineations of expression and character make his works among the most popular in the world. This painting was one of Hals' favorite small canvases, showing a half-length figure. The man has a strong rugged face beneath a large black hat, set against a sombre background. He wears a black coat, relieved by a white collar. In his left hand, he holds a glove, while his right rests upon his hip. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Spring Day on Karl Johan Street. Artist: Munch, Edvard 1892  TopFoto/ The Image Works
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Spring Day on Karl Johan Street. Artist: Munch, Edvard 1892 TopFoto/ The Image Works
Farmer's Daughter - This painting, titled The Farmer's Daughter, was done by the Scottish portraitist and painter of domestic and historical subjects William Quiller Orchardson (1832-1910). Orchardson was especially happy with his figures, and his treatment of them is well shown in this picture, where the young girl, in the pink print muslim gown of the early part of the 19th century stands in the doorway of a barn feeding pigeons. The picture was painted in 1881.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Farmer's Daughter - This painting, titled The Farmer's Daughter, was done by the Scottish portraitist and painter of domestic and historical subjects William Quiller Orchardson (1832-1910). Orchardson was especially happy with his figures, and his treatment of them is well shown in this picture, where the young girl, in the pink print muslim gown of the early part of the 19th century stands in the doorway of a barn feeding pigeons. The picture was painted in 1881. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
A Highland Funeral - This painting, titled A Highland Funeral, was done by Scottish painter James Guthrie (1859-1930). This painting contains abundant evidence of the young painter's great gifts. It was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1882 when Guthrie was 23 years old. Note the psychological insight it displays, the poignant sorrow it expresses, and the sincerity and force with which it is painted.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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A Highland Funeral - This painting, titled A Highland Funeral, was done by Scottish painter James Guthrie (1859-1930). This painting contains abundant evidence of the young painter's great gifts. It was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1882 when Guthrie was 23 years old. Note the psychological insight it displays, the poignant sorrow it expresses, and the sincerity and force with which it is painted. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Memories - This painting, titled Memories, was done by the French painter and printmaker Charles Chaplin (1825-1891). Many compare him to Fragonard, whose seriousness and fine tones he reproduced. His work consisted almost entirely of studies of the female figure. He was also a decorative artist and did the Salon des  Fleurs in the Tuileries and the ballroom of the Empress in the Palais de l'Elysee.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Memories - This painting, titled Memories, was done by the French painter and printmaker Charles Chaplin (1825-1891). Many compare him to Fragonard, whose seriousness and fine tones he reproduced. His work consisted almost entirely of studies of the female figure. He was also a decorative artist and did the Salon des Fleurs in the Tuileries and the ballroom of the Empress in the Palais de l'Elysee. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
On the Alert - This painting, titled On the Alert—Lioness and Cubs, was done by the English painter and sculptor John Macallan Swan 1846–1910). He was a master at painting animals. Swan modelled the lions for the Rhodes Memorial in South Africa. He had the gift of beingable to reveal the peculia characteristics of animals in conjunction with their natural surroundings. His talent is well shown in this watercolor study of a lioness and her cubs on the alert in their rocky fastness.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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On the Alert - This painting, titled On the Alert—Lioness and Cubs, was done by the English painter and sculptor John Macallan Swan 1846–1910). He was a master at painting animals. Swan modelled the lions for the Rhodes Memorial in South Africa. He had the gift of beingable to reveal the peculia characteristics of animals in conjunction with their natural surroundings. His talent is well shown in this watercolor study of a lioness and her cubs on the alert in their rocky fastness. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Western Railway - This painting, titled Rain, Steam and Speed, the Great Western Railway, was done by the English Romanticist landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner(1775-1851). This painting dates to Turner's third period, from 1835 onward. During that period, he relied solely on the impressions he received from nature to guide him in hs work. We see here his preference for elemental dramas of storm and conflagration. The picture also illustrates Turner's great memory, allowing him to recall slightest natural effects. Here it is the memory of a train journey in a rainstorm that had him with his head sticking out from the carriage window.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Western Railway - This painting, titled Rain, Steam and Speed, the Great Western Railway, was done by the English Romanticist landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner(1775-1851). This painting dates to Turner's third period, from 1835 onward. During that period, he relied solely on the impressions he received from nature to guide him in hs work. We see here his preference for elemental dramas of storm and conflagration. The picture also illustrates Turner's great memory, allowing him to recall slightest natural effects. Here it is the memory of a train journey in a rainstorm that had him with his head sticking out from the carriage window. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Parson's Daughter - This painting, titled The Parson's Daughter, was done by the English portrait painter George Romney (1734-1802). Romney owes his chief fame to his portraits of women, particularly the many paintings of the fascinating Lady Hamilton.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Parson's Daughter - This painting, titled The Parson's Daughter, was done by the English portrait painter George Romney (1734-1802). Romney owes his chief fame to his portraits of women, particularly the many paintings of the fascinating Lady Hamilton. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Portrait of Professor Ivanov by Repin (Ilya Yefimovich Repin). 1882   Oil on canvas. © Heritage / The Image Works
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Portrait of Professor Ivanov by Repin (Ilya Yefimovich Repin). 1882 Oil on canvas. © Heritage / The Image Works
Painting. Colombia. 20th century - The First Family, oil on canvas by Fernando Botero, 1967.  ©Korpa/Index/ The Image Works  Artist copyright must also be cleared
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Painting. Colombia. 20th century - The First Family, oil on canvas by Fernando Botero, 1967. ©Korpa/Index/ The Image Works
Artist copyright must also be cleared
My Mother - This painting, titled My Mother, was done by the American artist James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) who was born in Lowell, Massachusetts. Whistler's style combines the softness and "atmosphere" of the French Impressionists, the tone values of Velasquez, and the bright harmony of the Japanese, with his own individuality. A delicate monotony of colors was his strength, and with soft colors he softened the hardness of realism to the impalpable visions such as nature reveals through the mists before the sun finishes playing upon them before chasing them away. Thus, his portraits, while convincingly real, are rather phantoms revealing the spirit of the sitters than material shapes picturing their bodies.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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My Mother - This painting, titled My Mother, was done by the American artist James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) who was born in Lowell, Massachusetts. Whistler's style combines the softness and "atmosphere" of the French Impressionists, the tone values of Velasquez, and the bright harmony of the Japanese, with his own individuality. A delicate monotony of colors was his strength, and with soft colors he softened the hardness of realism to the impalpable visions such as nature reveals through the mists before the sun finishes playing upon them before chasing them away. Thus, his portraits, while convincingly real, are rather phantoms revealing the spirit of the sitters than material shapes picturing their bodies. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Friday - This painting, titled Friday, was done by British artist W. Dendy Sadler (1854-1923). His charming old-time pictures, whether depicting monastery life or revealing the refinement, culture, and charge of bygone days, are as fresh today as when first painted. "Friday" shows an abbot and monks at dinner on Friday, enjoying their meal of fish instead of the prohibited meat. The figures to the right and left of the abbot are priests from another monastery and are St. Francis as their habits are brown. The other monks are of the order of St. Domenic and their habits are black and white.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Friday - This painting, titled Friday, was done by British artist W. Dendy Sadler (1854-1923). His charming old-time pictures, whether depicting monastery life or revealing the refinement, culture, and charge of bygone days, are as fresh today as when first painted. "Friday" shows an abbot and monks at dinner on Friday, enjoying their meal of fish instead of the prohibited meat. The figures to the right and left of the abbot are priests from another monastery and are St. Francis as their habits are brown. The other monks are of the order of St. Domenic and their habits are black and white. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
On the Skirts of the Forest - This painting, titled On the Skirts of the Forest, was done by the English artist John Crome, also known as "Old Chrome" (1768-1821). Today is recognized as oneof the best English landscape painters. Dutch and Flemish painters and Gainsborough's "Painted Door" helped to form his style. In 1803 he founded the Norwich Society, which led to the formation of the famed Norwich School. He is at his best with tree pictures and he aimed at dignity and breadth.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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On the Skirts of the Forest - This painting, titled On the Skirts of the Forest, was done by the English artist John Crome, also known as "Old Chrome" (1768-1821). Today is recognized as oneof the best English landscape painters. Dutch and Flemish painters and Gainsborough's "Painted Door" helped to form his style. In 1803 he founded the Norwich Society, which led to the formation of the famed Norwich School. He is at his best with tree pictures and he aimed at dignity and breadth. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
Fisherman - This painting, titled A Fisherman, was done by the Swedish artist Anders Zorn (1860-1920)  painted this work in St. Ives, in Cornwall, England. Born in Sweden, he traveled and then settled in England in 1885 and set  up a studio. He studied river scenes in England and waves effects in Sweden, and in the latter study he gave proof of his capacity for solving technical problems and of translating his mastery into the work of his brush. He was able to transfer the sea to his canvas with that fresh, destrous touch that is characteristic of his work.     © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
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Fisherman - This painting, titled A Fisherman, was done by the Swedish artist Anders Zorn (1860-1920) painted this work in St. Ives, in Cornwall, England. Born in Sweden, he traveled and then settled in England in 1885 and set up a studio. He studied river scenes in England and waves effects in Sweden, and in the latter study he gave proof of his capacity for solving technical problems and of translating his mastery into the work of his brush. He was able to transfer the sea to his canvas with that fresh, destrous touch that is characteristic of his work. © Newagen Archive / The Image Works
China: Qingming Shang Tu or 'Along the River During the Qingming Festival' (detail), Zhang Zeduan (1085-1145) original scroll painting dating from the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) - 'Along the River During the Qingming Festival' is a painting by the Song dynasty artist Zhang Zeduan (1085–1145). It captures the daily life of people and the landscape of the Northern Song capital, Bianjing, today's Kaifeng. The theme is said to celebrate the festive spirit and worldly commotion at the Qingming Festival, rather than the holiday's ceremonial aspects, such as tomb sweeping and prayers.  Successive scenes reveal the lifestyle of all levels of the society from rich to poor as well as different economic activities in rural areas and the city, and offer glimpses of period clothing and architecture. The scroll is 25.5 centimetres (10.0 inches) in height and 5.25 meters (5.74 yards) long. In its length there are 814 humans (of whom only 20 are women), 28 boats, 60 animals, 30 buildings, 20 vehicles, 8 sedan chairs, and 170 trees. The countryside and the densely populated city are the two main sections in the picture, with the river meandering through the entire length. The original painting is celebrated as the most celebrated work of art from the Song dynasty.  ©Pictures From History/The Image Works Image contains a halftone screen
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China: Qingming Shang Tu or 'Along the River During the Qingming Festival' (detail), Zhang Zeduan (1085-1145) original scroll painting dating from the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) - 'Along the River During the Qingming Festival' is a painting by the Song dynasty artist Zhang Zeduan (1085–1145). It captures the daily life of people and the landscape of the Northern Song capital, Bianjing, today's Kaifeng. The theme is said to celebrate the festive spirit and worldly commotion at the Qingming Festival, rather than the holiday's ceremonial aspects, such as tomb sweeping and prayers.

Successive scenes reveal the lifestyle of all levels of the society from rich to poor as well as different economic activities in rural areas and the city, and offer glimpses of period clothing and architecture. The scroll is 25.5 centimetres (10.0 inches) in height and 5.25 meters (5.74 yards) long. In its length there are 814 humans (of whom only 20 are women), 28 boats, 60 animals, 30 buildings, 20 vehicles, 8 sedan chairs, and 170 trees. The countryside and the densely populated city are the two main sections in the picture, with the river meandering through the entire length.
The original painting is celebrated as the most celebrated work of art from the Song dynasty. ©Pictures From History/The Image Works
Image contains a halftone screen
Mongolia / China: Chabi (died 1286), wife of Kublai Khan (r.1260-1294), the first Yuan Emperor Shizu. Paint and ink on silk. - Khatun (Persian; Turkish: Hatun) is a female title of nobility and equivalent to male 'khan' prominently used in the First Turkish Empire and in the subsequent Mongol Empire. It is equivalent to queen or empress. Kublai first married Tegulen but she died very early. Then he married Chabi Khatun of the Khunggirat. The Song imperial family surrendered to the Yuan in 1276, making the Mongols the first non-Chinese people to conquer all of China. Three years later, Yuan marines crushed the last of the Song loyalists. The Song Empress Dowager and her grandson, Zhao Xian, were then settled in Khanbalic where they were given tax-free property. Kublai's wife Chabi took a personal interest in their well-being.Chabi was Kublai's most beloved empress. After her death in 1286, Kublai married her young cousin, Nambui, in accordance with Chabi's wish.  ©Pictures From History / The Image Works Image contains a halftone screen
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Mongolia / China: Chabi (died 1286), wife of Kublai Khan (r.1260-1294), the first Yuan Emperor Shizu. Paint and ink on silk. - Khatun (Persian; Turkish: Hatun) is a female title of nobility and equivalent to male 'khan' prominently used in the First Turkish Empire and in the subsequent Mongol Empire. It is equivalent to queen or empress. Kublai first married Tegulen but she died very early. Then he married Chabi Khatun of the Khunggirat. The Song imperial family surrendered to the Yuan in 1276, making the Mongols the first non-Chinese people to conquer all of China. Three years later, Yuan marines crushed the last of the Song loyalists. The Song Empress Dowager and her grandson, Zhao Xian, were then settled in Khanbalic where they were given tax-free property. Kublai's wife Chabi took a personal interest in their well-being.Chabi was Kublai's most beloved empress. After her death in 1286, Kublai married her young cousin, Nambui, in accordance with Chabi's wish. ©Pictures From History / The Image Works
Image contains a halftone screen
China: A group of people preparing tea. Mural in the tomb of Zhang Kuangzheng, Xuanhua, Hebei, Liao Dynasty (1093-1117). - The Liao Dynasty, also known as the Khitan Empire, was a state that ruled over the regions of Manchuria, Mongolia, and parts of northern China proper. It was founded by the Yelü clan of the Khitan people in the same year as the Tang Dynasty collapsed (907), even though its first ruler, Yelü Abaoji (Yaruud Ambagai Khan), did not declare an era name until 916.  Although it was originally known as the Empire of the Khitan, the Emperor Yelü Ruan officially adopted the name 'Liao' (formally ‘Great Liao’) in 947. Another name for China in English, Cathay, is derived from the name Khitan. This is also the origin of the Russian word for China, Китай or Kitay, and that of several other East European languages.  The Liao Empire was destroyed by the Jurchen of the Jin Dynasty in 1125. However, remnants of its people led by Yelü Dashi established the Xi (Western) Liao Dynasty 1125-1220, also known as Kara-Khitan Khanate, which extended its influence over Central Asia into Persia and survived until the arrival of Genghis Khan's unified Mongolian army.  © Pictures From History / The Image Works
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China: A group of people preparing tea. Mural in the tomb of Zhang Kuangzheng, Xuanhua, Hebei, Liao Dynasty (1093-1117). - The Liao Dynasty, also known as the Khitan Empire, was a state that ruled over the regions of Manchuria, Mongolia, and parts of northern China proper. It was founded by the Yelü clan of the Khitan people in the same year as the Tang Dynasty collapsed (907), even though its first ruler, Yelü Abaoji (Yaruud Ambagai Khan), did not declare an era name until 916.

Although it was originally known as the Empire of the Khitan, the Emperor Yelü Ruan officially adopted the name 'Liao' (formally ‘Great Liao’) in 947. Another name for China in English, Cathay, is derived from the name Khitan. This is also the origin of the Russian word for China, Китай or Kitay, and that of several other East European languages.

The Liao Empire was destroyed by the Jurchen of the Jin Dynasty in 1125. However, remnants of its people led by Yelü Dashi established the Xi (Western) Liao Dynasty 1125-1220, also known as Kara-Khitan Khanate, which extended its influence over Central Asia into Persia and survived until the arrival of Genghis Khan's unified Mongolian army. © Pictures From History / The Image Works

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